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American Hornbeam, Ironwood, Blue Beech, Water Beech
Carpinus caroliniana


American hornbeam is a graceful understory tree with leaves that turn orange to scarlet in autumn. It is found in the east of the state, growing in moist, rich bottomlands of valleys and watercourses. The bark is smooth and gray and has broad ridges that curve up and around the trunk and branches, resembling a sinewy, muscular arm.

Plant Habit or Use: small tree

Exposure: partial sun

Flower Color: green

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: small nutlet, green turning brown

Height: to 50 ft.

Width: 20 to 25 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: high

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3

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