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Fruit and Foliage

Water Hickory, Bitter Pecan, Swamp Hickory, Wild Pecan, Bitter Water Hickory, Bitter Hickory, Water Pignut
Carya aquatica


Water hickory is found in wet, poorly drained areas in east Texas. It has shaggy bark and leaves that are reminiscent of pecan's but with fewer leaflets. It breaks dormancy later in the spring than most trees, which enables it to withstand periodic spring floods.

Plant Habit or Use: large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: green, females inconspicuous, males in catkins.

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: bitter, flattened nut encased in 4-valved husk

Height: to 100 ft.

Width: to 70 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: high

Soil Requirements: acid neutral

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

Additional Comments:

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