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Jopoy, Berlandier Esenbeckia, Runyon Esenbeckia
Esenbeckia berlandieri


Jopoy is considered the rarest of all trees in Texas. Until members of the Native Plant Project in the Rio Grande Valley found several specimen, it was thought to be extinct. Its leaves are dark and glossy and usually evergreen or persistent. The white to greenish-white fragrant flowers appear in terminal clusters, and the fruit is a deeply lobed woody capsule. It is believed that it prefers well-drained alkaline sandy or clay soil.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: shade

Flower Color: white to greenish-white clusters

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: 5-part woody capsule

Height: to 15 ft.

Width: to 10 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous evergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: medium

Soil Requirements: alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 9

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