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American Beech, White Beech, Red Beech, Ridge Beech, Beech Nut
Fagus grandifolia


American beech grows in the Pineywoods of Texas, in well-drained, acid sandy loam. It is a magnificent tree that can become massive within 50 years. It has a beautifully smooth, gray bark. To grow successfully it must have a rich soil that is moist yet well-drained; it will not stand wet or compacted soil. The fruits are easily recognized burs, and the three-angled nuts are sweet and edible. Its shallow root system makes it difficult for other plants to grow underneath it.

Plant Habit or Use: large tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: yellow-ish green

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: prickly bur enclosing 3-angled nut or nuts

Height: to 130 ft.

Width: to 65 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium

Soil Requirements: acid

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

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