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White ash, Biltmore Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Cane Ash, Smallseed White Ash
Fraxinus americana


White Ash is widely distributed in eastern North America. Commonly planted as an ornamental shade tree, it forms a upright rounded crown and maintains a better form in old age than the more frequently planted Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash). It occurs in the deep, rich moist soils in the eastern third of Texas and grows best in these conditions; it does not tolerate soil compaction and poor soil. It has pinnately divided leaves that can turn pink, orange and purple in fall. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees in April and May; the male trees flower yearly, but the females flower and fruit only every 3-5 years.

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: green to purple, dioecious

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: on female plants, small woody winged samaras in 6" to 9" panicles

Height: to 100 ft.

Width: to 100 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

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