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Foliage and fruit

Winterberry, Black Alder
Ilex verticillata


Winterberry got its name from the bright red fruits that cover the limbs all through the winter. It is a small deciduous tree that grows in wet areas in Texas; it wasn't discovered here until 1959, although it is common in the southeast. It is different from other native hollies in that its leaves are large, up to five inches, and its flowers usually have more than five petals and calyx lobes.

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: whitish

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: red berry-like drupe

Height: to 15 ft.

Width: 6 to 8 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: high water or bog

Soil Requirements: acid neutral

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3

Additional Comments:

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