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Yaupon, Cassine, Evergreen Cassena, Emetic Holly, Evergreen Holly, Indian Blackdrink, Cassio Berry Bush Tea
Ilex vomitoria


Yaupon is probably the most versatile evergreen holly for general use in Texas. It grows on almost any soil type and in sun or shade, although it is found naturally in low, moist, acid woods. It is drought tolerant but can also survive temporary poor drainage. In the wild it is a thicket-forming large shrub or small tree. In landscapes it can be single- or multi-trunked; it has attractive pale white to gray bark. The fruits that appear in late summer and fall are very ornamental, generally red but sometimes yellow to orange, and are eaten by many birds, especially after freeze-thaw cycles.

Plant Habit or Use: medium shrub large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: light green, inconspicuous

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: Glossy red, orange, or pale yellow berry-like drupe

Height: Typically 10 to 20 ft., but individuals can range from 4 to 30 ft.

Width: 8 to 12 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: high medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7

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