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| Shumard Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak |
Fagaceae (black oak group)
Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. Leaves are a rich green that turns scarlet in the fall. It grows the tallest on moist, well-drained soils but is also adapted to drier limestone soils and high pH levels. Shumard red oaks are never found in large groves but usually occur singly and far apart. Shumard red oak, Texas Red Oak, Q. texana, and Chisos red oak, Q. gravesii, are all closely related but differ in their ranges.
Plant Habit or Use: large tree
Flower Color: brown or greenish, males in catkins
Blooming Period: spring
Fruit Characteristics: acorn, striated, 1 in. long
Height: to 120 feet
Width: 50 to 60 ft.
Plant Character: deciduous
Heat Tolerance: high
Water Requirements: medium low
Soil Requirements: adaptable