Click on image for full screen view.


Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Gooding Willow, Western Black Willow, Southwestern Black Willow, Sauz, Lindheimer Black Willow
Salix nigra


Black Willow is found in all areas of Texas where there is standing water, a stream, or a dry stream where water may accumulate. It is a fast-growing tree, and useful for erosion control on steep banks where moisture is avalable. However, the extensive shallow roots can clog drains and break pavement in urban residential sites. The wood is weak and brittle, subject to damage in ice storms, and the tree is short-lived. The light texture of its leaves make dappled shade underneath. Black Willow can be distinguished from the common Weeping Willow, S. alba or S. babylonica, by the fact that its branches are upright and do not "weep."

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: creamy yellow to yellow-green catkins

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: small capsules, light brown

Height: 30 ft. to 50 ft. in landscapes, rarely 100+ ft.

Width: 25 to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: high water or bog

Soil Requirements: neutral alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4

Additional Comments:

Index of Scientific Names | Index of Common Names | Photo Gallery Index