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| Serviceberry, Juneberry, Downy Serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadbush, Shadblow Service-berry, Boxwood, Bill-berry, June-plum, Indian-cherry, Swamp Shadbush, Indian-pear, Juice-pear, Sugar-pear, Plum-pear, Berry-pear|
Serviceberries were an important food component for Native Americans and pioneers, and still are for songbirds and many other forms of wildlife. They can be eaten fresh or dried, and made into pies, jellies, sauces and wine. Juneberry grows as an understory tall shrub or small tree in deep woodlands and along streams from extreme East Texas to Florida and north to Maine. It has pure white flowers in 2- to 4-inch clusters that emerge with the leaves in spring, followed by the sweet, blueberry-like fruit. In winter the foliage turns shades of yellow to bronze-red, falling to reveal the smooth gray ornamental bark. As well as being important wildlife plants, Amelanchiers are also beautiful in the landscape, especially naturalized, and offer year-round interest. A. arborea needs deep, acid soils; the other two native species, A. utahensis (See "Texas Native Trees") and A. denticulata, are native to dry Western regions. In general they require little maintenance, although as members of the rose family, they are susceptible to rust, fireblight and powdery mildew.
Plant Habit or Use: large shrub
Exposure: partial sun
Flower Color: white
Blooming Period: spring
Fruit Characteristics: reddish-purple berry-like pome
Height: 15 to 25 feet
Width: to 15 feet
Plant Character: deciduous
Heat Tolerance: medium
Soil Requirements: acid