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Scarlet Clematis, Texas Clematis, Leatherflower, Texas Leatherflower, Pipe-vine
Clematis texensis


Scarlet clematis is a beautiful, delicate vine that grows only in the Edwards Plateau, along streams, on shady limestone ledges, or on rich bottomlands. The brilliant red, urn-shaped flowers that appear in spring and early summer are actually sepals that curve backward at the tips. It is woody at the base but its stems are herbaceous, so it dies to the ground in the winter and blooms from new growth in the spring. The sepals are somewhat leathery, and give rise to the common name "leatherflower" for this and certain other Clematis species. Like all vining clematis, scarlet clematis needs a support for its twining leaf stalks, and likes to have its roots cool and shaded but its foliage in sunlight. It will do best in somewhat shaded, well-drained soil. It is extremely cold-hardy, surviving as far north as zone 5. Unfortunately, this beautiful clematis, endemic only to Central Texas, is an uncommon plant even there, and it is rare in cultivation, although hybrids such as 'Duchess of Albany', 'Etoile Rose', and 'Princess of Wales' are more commonly available.

Plant Habit or Use: vine

Exposure: sun
partial sun

Flower Color: red to rose - pink

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: achene with plumose tail

Height: to 9 feet

Width: 1 to 2 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: alkaline

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5

Additional Comments:

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