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Berlandier Croton, Low Croton, Ycaban, Icaban, Salvia
Croton humilis (C. berlandieri)


A strong-scented, small shrub with oval leaves and light brown to pale gray bark, Berlandier croton grows in dry sandy soils in clearings in thickets and chaparrals in the Rio Grande Plains, usually found coming up through other shrubs. Small clusters of white flowers appear throughout the year following rains. Male and female flowers can be on the same plant or on separate plants. Seeds, enclosed in a 3-lobed capsule, are eaten by many birds, and the leaves and flowers provide food for butterflies and caterpillars. It needs well-drained soil and part shade to do its best, but otherwise it is an adaptable and very drought-tolerant plant.

Plant Habit or Use: small shrub

Exposure: partial sun

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: 3-lobed capsule

Height: to 3 feet

Width: to 3 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements:

Soil Requirements: adaptable

USDA Hardiness Zone: 9

Additional Comments:

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